Findings of LR’s full scale numerical modelling workshop

LR hosted the world’s first workshop on full scale hydrodynamic computer simulations at our Global Technology Centre in Southampton in November 2016. Ship designers from around the world came together with the aim of building confidence in the accuracy of ship scale Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modelling within the marine sector.

This is the first time that the industry has openly compared full scale CFD with comprehensive measurements. Through comparisons of blind simulation results submitted by participants, and the comprehensive ship trials carried out by LR, the workshop demonstrated that ship speed could be predicted within approximately 4% of actual trial speeds.

CFD workshop pic

The workshop is a key step on the path to making CFD the final verification of ship scale design performance, rather than relying on scale model tests. The transition to this approach will help reduce design costs and provide a greater opportunity to develop more energy efficient ship designs.

Participants from 15 countries provided details of their CFD modelling and debated the reasons for any differences to help develop industry guidance for ship scale CFD modelling. This guidance will increase the accuracy of ship scale CFD and help make CFD a primary ship performance and design tool for the marine industry. 

The subject ship of the workshop was a 16.9k DWT general cargo vessel – an ideal candidate for CFD validation as the vessel has a simple geometrical configuration: single screw, no thrusters, no bulbous bow, and no energy saving devices. The detailed ship geometry can be downloaded here.

The participants blind simulation results were compared as part of the following four modelling scenarios: ship scale resistance simulation (4 speeds), ship scale propeller open water characteristics computations (5 speeds), ship scale self-propulsion simulation (3 speeds) and ship scale propeller cavitation (1 condition).

The findings can be downloaded in the full report here.

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LR’s integrated ship performance monitoring system used to obtain validation data for the workshop