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Ship evacuation services

Reliable simulation from Lloyds Register

Reliable simulation of safe passenger evacuation is possible through the market-leading program maritimeExodus. When combined with our expertise and experience, passenger vessel designers and operators have an invaluable tool at their disposal to help optimise passenger and crew movements in an emergency.

Reliable simulation of safe passenger evacuation is possible through the market-leading program maritimeExodus. When combined with our expertise and experience, passenger vessel designers and operators have an invaluable tool at their disposal to help optimise passenger and crew movements in an emergency. 

Evaluating escape routes

Historically, escape routes and evacuation onboard ships have been addressed by the prescriptive regulations set out in SOLAS (1974 as amended). While these regulations cover the specific structural design requirements of the escape routes, no account is taken of people-to-people and peopleto- environment interactions.

The introduction of computerised simulation evacuation systems provides designers with a tool to identify problematic areas of a vessel layout at the design stage. Additionally, ship operators may also use computer simulation to optimise or improve their existing ship evacuation strategy.

For ro-ro passenger ships constructed on or after July 1, 1999, it is mandatory under Regulation II-2/13-7.4 of the SOLAS convention to evaluate escape routes by an evacuation analysis. Our ship evacuation services can be used to carry out simplified or advanced evacuation analysis.

How do we deliver this service?

We use maritimeEXODUS, a software-based program developed by the Fire Safety Engineering Group at the University of Greenwich – international experts in the fields of human behaviour and computer based evacuation simulation.

maritimeEXODUS has won prestigious awards for innovation and safety. The program has been designed to simulate people-to-structure, people-to-people and peopleto- environment interactions. It can be interfaced with fire and smoke spread models and will estimate the exposure of the passengers and crew to smoke, heat, and narcotic and irritant gases, which may reduce their ability to evacuate safely.

The 3D virtual reality window within vrEXODUS allows the user to visualise the behaviour of passengers and crew throughout the evacuation process. The model can account for age, gender, level of disability and numerous other personal characteristics.

Benefiting designers and operators

At the design stages of a passenger or ro-ro passenger vessel, the model may be used to evaluate the normal circulation of passengers in a non-emergency condition.

This function is particularly useful to the architect and ship designer in the optimisation of restaurants, retail and large public areas.

The model takes the evacuation process one step further and can be used to simulate passenger evacuation from the embarkation deck into the Life Saving Appliances (LSA), or to shore for vessels in port. The user-defined LSA including lifeboat, liferaft or marine evacuation system (MES) make allowances for the entry delay into the survival craft as well as taking into account the LSA’s possible performance during the evacuation in various sea states.  maritimeEXODUS is also capable of simulating evacuation of passengers and crew wearing lifejackets from vessels with varying angles of heel and trim.

It can also simulate crew movement on naval vessels where the internal structure consists of 60° stairs, vertical ladders, hatches and watertight doors. 

Summary of benefits

  • Enables ship operators to optimise the existing evacuation strategy and embarkation and disembarkation procedures. ]

  • Helps designers evaluate passenger circulation under normal operating conditions.

  • Assists in the identification of potential congestion areas in the vessel layout during the design stage.

Next steps...

To find out how we can help your business please contact your nearest office or complete our enquiry form: