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Assess fuel readiness.


Research by LR has shown that zero-emission vessels (ZEVs) need to be entering the world fleet by 20301. This requires shipping to be planning and building zero carbon ship-board solutions and land-based infrastructure immediately. But zero-emissions solutions have so far only been deployed in niche applications, solutions for large scale ocean shipping are not yet established. This dilemma has created uncertainty across the sector. Organisations seeking reliable guidance face conflicting opinions as shipping debates alternative ways to decarbonise.

  • Shipowners and operators need to identify an effective pathway for their fleet, mapping out required retrofit or new build steps on the way.
  • Fuel suppliers need to develop investment strategies and plans.
  • Policymakers and regulators need to understand solution developments to incentivise zero-carbon solutions whilst avoiding unintended consequences or moving the problem elsewhere in the supply chain or industry.
  • Shipbuilders and equipment manufacturers need to invest in the skills, technologies and resources to provide the zero-carbon solutions of the future.
  • Financiers and insurers need to optimise portfolios, investing in growth assets whilst reducing exposure to climate risk.

Making the right decisions

How can the shipping sector make the right decisions relating to future fuels and technologies, today and in the coming years?

Zero-Carbon Fuel Monitor dashboard showing medium technology ready ness, high investment readiness and very high community readiness

Zero-Carbon Fuel Monitor is an evidence-based framework to assess the readiness of the most promising zero-carbon fuels2 and related technologies that could play a role in getting the entire shipping industry to zero emissions by 2050. It is a resource for the industry showing the current state of developments and indicating progress towards industry-wide solutions. Zero-Carbon Fuel Monitor addresses three fundamental questions for decarbonising the global fleet:

  • How close is the technology to being proven, scalable and safe?
  • Is the business case robust enough to attract investment?
  • How prepared are people and organisations to adopt the new solution?

Advancing zero-carbon readiness

The LR Maritime Decarbonisation Hub created Zero-Carbon Fuel Monitor by making an objective assessment of the latest evidence from a wide range of sources and combining the results with the findings of LRs own research3. The results are presented through an easy to use, dashboard-based tool which is regularly updated in line with the latest developments. LR uses the outputs to identify research, development and deployment projects that will advance solution readiness and accelerate a safe and sustainable transition to zero.


  1. Zero emissions vessels 2030 , Lloyd's Register, 2017.
  2. It is intended to be inclusive of fuels derived from zero-carbon electricity, fuel derived from biomass and fuel derived from the use of fossil fuels with CCS ( these two types are commonly described as “net-zero” ), but not fuels derived from fossil fuel with CCU based on the combustion of fossil fuels. For definitions see glossary.
  3. All information published is LR's own or is in the public domain. No confidential information is published through Zero-Carbon Fuel Monitor.

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